Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) helm of Indian Space Programme
In the 1960s when the use of satellite was in the experimental or in very nascent stages across the world, India too initiated in space research activities. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, the father of Indian Space Programme has a firm belief that space technology has a huge benefit for India. To spearhead the Indian space programme, soon he congregated an army of able and brilliant scientists, anthropologists, communicators and social scientists from all corners of India.
In 1962, Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was formed by Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), under the leadership of Dr. Sarabhai and Dr. Ramanathan. After almost 7 years, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was formed by DAE with the purpose of rapid development of space technology and its application in the progress of the nation. Since its inception, total 42 centers have been established across India, with the most number in Bengaluru (click here to know the list of centers). These centers are continuously working in the field of space research and development and have been acclaimed in National and International forums.
Few highlights about Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
- The first Chairman of ISRO was Dr. Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai (1963-1971), who we know as the father of Indian Space Programme.
- ‘Aryabhata’ was the first satellite mission which was completely designed and fabricated in India and launched by a Soviet Kosmos-3M rocket from Kapustin Yar on April 19, 1975. It was named after the famous Indian astronomer Aryabhata.
- ISRO’s Mars mission is the cheapest so far, just 450 crores i.e. Rs 12 per km, which can be considered equivalent to an auto fare.
- 97 Space Missions have been undertaken to date in the field of Navigation, Communication, Earth Observation, Experimental, Climate & Environment, Disaster Management System, Navigation, Space Science, Planetary Observation and Student Satellite.
- Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) are India’s two Launchers or Launch Vehicles. Launch Vehicles are used for carrying spacecraft to space.
Other interesting facts about ISRO
- Space Missions: 97 including 3 Nano Satellites and 1 Micro Satellite
- Launch Missions: 67 including Scramjet -TD & RLV-TD
- Student Satellites: 9
- Re-entry Missions: 2
- Foreign Satellites: 237 of 28 countries
For other details about Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), readers are requested to visit the ISRO Official Website. Click here to go to the website.